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Articles tagged with: Geographical determinism

Robert Kaplan’s Problematic Theory of Pakistan’s Geographical Destiny

By Martin W. Lewis | June 27, 2012 | 5 Comments

In a recent Foreign Policy article, Robert Kaplan argues that Pakistan’s problems—and its destiny—are rooted in its physical landscape: “Pakistan’s present and future, for better or worse, are still best understood through its geography.” Kaplan’s article is important and insightful in many respects, and I would urge all interested parties to read it carefully. But as a geographer, I am …

Geographic Environment, Cultural Diversity, and Liberalism in the Eastern Mediterranean

By Martin W. Lewis | April 4, 2011 | 2 Comments

In examining the spatial patterns of the eastern Mediterranean, many observers have been struck by the close correlation between mountainous areas and religious diversity. The heartland of the Druze sect is the aptly named Jabal al-Druze, a volcanic cluster of peaks

Environmental Determinism, Ellsworth Huntington, and the Decline of Geography

By Martin W. Lewis | February 10, 2011 | 2 Comments

Geography is defined as “the study of the earth and its features.” Derived from the Greek for “earth writings,” geography traditionally focused on the world as a whole; investigations of smaller regions were a distinct if related branch of learning. For centuries, the main focus of geographical research was filling in the unknown portions of

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