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Map of Landlocked Countries

Submitted by on November 7, 2010 – 6:21 pm 4 Comments |  
Many students are surprised at how few of the world’s sovereign states are landlocked, without access to the sea. The map above depicts the landlocked realm, leaving out the micro-states that cannot be seen at this scale of resolution. Luxemburg is visible on the map – although just barely – but Andorra, San Marino, and Lichtenstein are not. Lichtenstein is one of the world’s two double-landlocked counties, which are bordered only by sovereign states that are themselves landlocked. The other country in this category is Uzbekistan, and is thus depicted as such on the map.

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  • ironrailsironweights

    Paraguay isn't landlocked in an economic sense, as oceangoing ships can reach it on the Parana and Paraguay rivers.

    Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan are sort-of landlocked. The Volga-Don Canal provides them with ocean access, but only for ships of relatively modest size.


  • Andrew Zolnai

    This is a very good point, as access to the sea caused may conflicts:

    – Nazi Germany invaded the Danzig corridor that gave Poland access to the Baltic
    (indeed that's where Solidarnosc started to deconstruct the Communist regime)

    – The Austro-Hungarian empire's dismantling landlocked Austria and Hungary

    – Russia and Ukraine perennially fight over Yalta for sea access
    (indeed Balaklava was a closed naval base until recently)

    I'm sure you could devote a whole psoting expanding on this

  • ironrailsironweights

    There also are some countries that have such limited ocean access that they might as well be landlocked. The Congo is a huge country with only a very narrow corridor to the Atlantic. The main seaport of Matadi is about 50 miles from the ocean, at the head of navigation on the Congo River, and among other problems its depths are so shallow that many ships cannot use it. There is a small oil port named Banana, of all things, which is closer to the ocean and has decent depths, but isn't fully developed. Most of the Congo's shipping comes through the port of Pointe Noire in the neighboring Congo-Brazzaville.

    Bosnia has access to the Adriatic Sea through the very narrow Neum corridor. Due to poor transport links to the rest of the country, the port of Neum has never been developed for commercial uses, so Bosnia's trade goes through ports in Croatia. Interestingly, the existence of the corridor means that part of Croatia lacks direct land access to the rest of the country.


  • Martin W. Lewis

    Great points by both Andrew Zolnai and Peter — many thanks! The Bosnia situation is especially interesting.

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