Life Expectancy in Moscow Has Reached 75 Years
On his inauguration day earlier this week, Russian President Vladimir Putin promised “to extend the life expectancy of Russia’s citizens to an average of 74 years … by 2018”. Thus, if his plan comes to fruition, “the rest of Russia” will catch up with today’s life expectancy figures of Moscow only after the end of President Putin’s third six-year term. But many analysts doubt the feasibility of Putin’s promise: the Federal Statistics Service predicts a similar trend, but they see the average Russian life expectancy hit the 75-year mark only in 2024, and then only in the best-case scenario.
In addition to the improving life expectancy figures, Moscow is finally seeing—for the first time since 1988—natural population growth, meaning that there are more births (10.8) than deaths (9.7) per 1,000 residents. This change is mostly due to a decrease in death rates rather than an increase in birth rates. Death rates among Moscovites due to cardiovascular diseases are down by 17%, accidents by 7%, tuberculosis by 18.6%. Major improvements in healthcare are credited for these changes, as well as for lowering infant mortality. However, the issue of what makes Moscow’s health and mortality figures so different is much more complex, as Moscow differs even from other large Russian cities in many economic, social, and cultural factors. According to several studies, education and income are closely linked to health and mortality figures. In Moscow as in Russia as a whole, life expectancy of the educated and well-off is increasing, whereas that of the uneducated poor is decreasing.
« More on “Divided Russia” Maps and...
Linguistic and Biological Diversity... »