Focused Series »

Indo-European Origins
Northern California
The Caucasus
Imaginary Geography
Home » Caribbean, Economic Geography, Economics News, News Map, Russia, Ukraine, and Caucasus

Debt Issues and Russian Investments in Guyana

Submitted by on June 5, 2012 – 4:55 pm 4 Comments |  
Stabroek News recently reported that Russia would write-off $50 million in debt to the government of Guyana. Debt write-offs for the impoverished South American country are nothing new.  In 1999 alone, Guyana successfully negotiated $256 million in debt forgiveness. Almost all of the money owed by the country to the U.S. has been forgiven. Yet repayment burdens remain high. As the Wikipedia reports, “Guyana’s extremely high debt burden to foreign creditors has meant limited availability of foreign exchange and reduced capacity to import necessary raw materials, spare parts, and equipment, thereby further reducing production.”

Although ostensibly aimed at countering the narcotics trade, Russia’s recent debt write-off may be related to its investment activities in the Guyanese bauxite (aluminum ore) industry.  The Russian company UC Rusal, the world’s largest aluminum producer, recently announced plans for a $21 million expansion of its main facility in Guyana. UC Rusal is a highly global firm, operating in nineteen countries. Although based in Moscow, UC Rusal is incorporated on the island of Jersey, where it also maintains its main financial center. A British Crown Dependency, Jersey maintains its own financial laws, which are very favorable for international business operations.

Russian investments in Guyana have often been controversial. In 2011, opposition politicians in the country threatened to expel both Russian and Chinese firms from the bauxite industry due to labor-law violations. As reported by TerraDaily, “Russian aluminium giant UC Rusal has been at loggerheads with the Guyana Bauxite and General Workers Union for more than two years over the controversial layoff of 120 workers who had demanded better pay.”

(Photograph from Guyana Then and Now.)


Previous Post
Next Post

Subscribe For Updates

It would be a pleasure to have you back on GeoCurrents in the future. You can sign up for email updates or follow our RSS Feed, Facebook, or Twitter for notifications of each new post:

Commenting Guidelines: GeoCurrents is a forum for the respectful exchange of ideas, and loaded political commentary can detract from that. We ask that you as a reader keep this in mind when sharing your thoughts in the comments below.

  • Stacy Culpepper


    This is an interesting use of this term that is used all too often in the context of a first world country (FWC) ‘investing’ in a third world country (TWC).  Am i being too cynical in exclaiming that this sounds more like absentee colonialism?  The FWC takes vast natural resources from the TWC, i.e. wealth, by manipulating a corrupt figurehead, or exploitation of ignorant people who sincerely trust this FWC? 

    • Excellent point, although I would note that Russia and China are rarely considered First World countries. Still, the observation holds ….

      • Actually, Russia and China were Second World countries (Communist) under the old, now un-PC, Cold War terminology I was taught in college.  Guyana might also be a Fourth World country, though I am not sure about its economics.  By the time I graduated, we were already using Advanced Industrial Countries (AIC), Newly Industrialized Countries (NIC), and Less Developed Countries (LDC), though I believe that scheme is now outdated as well.

        Investment comes ultimately from the Latin investio, to clothe or cover, as in  “The Pope invested the archbishop with the pallium.”  Any connotation of revenue for someone other than the investor is extremely recent, if it exists.  Of course, foreign direct investment of almost any sort is much better than the absence of it, as a simple comparison of somewhere like Angola with somewhere like DRC should quickly demonstrate.