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US States Renamed For Countries With Similar GDPs

Submitted by on December 2, 2012 – 4:33 am 10 Comments |  
Frank Jacobs has been collecting and publishing all kinds of intriguing maps—real, fictional, and what-if ones—and has been writing the Strange Maps blog since 2006. In 2007 he created a map of “US States Renamed For Countries With Similar GDPs”. GDP stands for Gross Domestic Product, a convenient way of measuring and comparing the size of national economies. Annual GDP represents the market value of all goods and services produced within a country in a year. The U.S. remains the nation with the highest GDP in the world: at over $15 trillion, it is more than double the size of second largest economy, that of China. The idea behind Frank Jacobs’s map is to break down that gigantic U.S. GDP into the GDPs of individual states, and compare those to other countries’ GDP. The resulting map is both instructive and misleading. The latter is because the economies both of the US states and of the countries they are compared with are not weighted for their respective populations. For example, in 2007 Pakistan had a GDP that was slightly higher than that of Israel, but Pakistan’s population was about 170 million, while Israel was only 7 million people strong. The US states those economies are compared with (Arkansas and Oregon, respectively) are much closer to each other in population: 2.7 million and 3.4 million. Adjusted per capita, the GDP of states and countries they are compared to would be a good indication of the average wealth of citizens. Yet, a ranking of the economies on this map does serve two interesting purposes. First, it shows the size of US states’ economies relative to each other: California is the biggest, Wyoming the smallest. It also links those sizes with foreign economies, which are therefore also ranked: Mexico’s and Russia’s economies are about equal size, Ireland’s is twice as big as New Zealand’s.

The map on the left is an update of Frank Jacobs’s map (for the continental 48 states), adjusted to figures from 2010. Curiously, nearly all U.S. states are comparable to different countries, with only Michigan’s economy still most similar to that of Argentina. But while specific countries might have change, in several cases a given state’s economy corresponds to that of a similar country. For example, in 2007 Idaho’s economy was most comparable to that of Ukraine and in 2010 to that of Belarus. Similarly, in 2007 Massachusetts was most similar to Belgium and in 2010 to Austria. The 2010 map also exhibits some interesting clustering effects. For example, post-Soviet countries—Belarus, Uzbekistan, and Kazakhstan—find themselves comparable to states in the Great Plains. Four Southeast Asian countries—Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore, and Vietnam—are comparable to states in a stretch running south from Wisconsin to Arkansas. A number of states along the Atlantic seaboard have economies equivalent to those of medium-sized European countries: Austria, Poland, Denmark, and Norway. California is still the state with the largest economy; if it were an independent nation, it would be the world’s eighth largest economy. The U.S. state with the smallest economy in 2010 is Vermont, matching most closely the GDP of Panama, but 103 independent nations, ranging from Latvia to Tuvalu, have even smaller economies.

 

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  • http://www.facebook.com/people/Peter-Rosa/1593565364 Peter Rosa

    I’m trying to see if there are any noteworthy similarities between a particular state and its national counterpart. Not coming up with much; maybe Oklahoma/Kazakhstan, both being major oil & gas producers. Or Texas/Australia, both having ample wide-open spaces.

    • http://www.pereltsvaig.com Asya Pereltsvaig

      Once again, we’ve been thinking along similar lines. I couldn’t find any striking state-country similarities neither for the 2007 map nor for the 2010 update. It would be cool if anyone find any such parallels…

  • mavp

    As a Californian, I’m rather impressed that my state of 37.7 million matches a country of 1.22 billion!

    • http://www.pereltsvaig.com Asya Pereltsvaig

      I thought of doing another variant of this map, with each state matched to a foreign country by GDP per capita, but there doesn’t seem to be enough countries with high enough GDP per capita…

  • BorisDenisov

    Surprised, Idaho is greater than Alaska economically

    • http://www.pereltsvaig.com Asya Pereltsvaig

      In 2010, Idaho’s economy is greater than that of Alaska, but not by much (only $9 billion), whereas between California and Vermont we are talking about two orders of magnitude. As for Idaho, it must be all those potatoes!

  • http://www.facebook.com/igor.solunskiy Igor Solunskiy

    Where is our Yellowstone?!?!? Why was it taken from us and given to Belarus?!?! We should immediately attack them and take it back from the map!!!
    And… am I living in Malaysia? Must be right… judging by my hourly wages which are smaller then California Welfare (and no Medicaid)… We should rename our racoons to elephants, I guess…

    • http://www.pereltsvaig.com Asya Pereltsvaig

      Funny! They turned Yellowstone into Belowiezska Puscha, I guess… :)

      • http://www.facebook.com/igor.solunskiy Igor Solunskiy

        I still like 2007 map more… :(

        • http://www.pereltsvaig.com Asya Pereltsvaig

          Any particular reasons why, besides the Ukraine/Belarus issue?