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Articles in Andrew Linford

Last Insights into Global Economic Inequality

By Andrew Linford | June 8, 2011 | One Comment

Calculations of economic development are usually separated from considerations of population and physical geography. The map above, which introduces the concept of GDP Density. This approach shows how much economic value is generated per unit of land. The map clearly displays not only which areas are the most economically productive, but it also shows

Glimpses of Inequality in the United States

By Andrew Linford | June 1, 2011 |

Inequality in the United States is a surprisingly complex issue. Although most Americans are aware at some level that major inequalities exist in their country, a substantial gap separates believed comprehension and the actual facts. This entry will explore inequality in the United States primarily through three lenses: regional differences, the rural-urban divide, and

Inequality Trends in South Africa

By Andrew Linford | May 17, 2011 | 3 Comments

According to the Gini coefficient, as well as other inequality measurements, South Africa ranks as one of the most unequal countries in the world. Of course, measuring inequality is multidimensional, which particularly applies to South Africa. In discussions of South Africa, severe economic disparities are often highlighted. Much of the country’s inequality stems

Japan: An Egalitarian Society?

By Andrew Linford | May 10, 2011 | 3 Comments
Income of Japan's Prefectures

My previous blog entry explored three distinct layers of geographic inequality, focused on China, which all apply to Japan: regional disparities, the rural/urban divide, and the existence of an urban underclass. The map posted here shows the percentage of the population defined as living on welfare. The prefecture with the greatest proportion of

Global Inequality: Where is it Found?

By Andrew Linford | April 30, 2011 |

Poverty and inequality are contentious topics whose geography is often oversimplified. When many people think of extreme poverty and aid, they often focus on Sub-Saharan Africa, but global inequality and poverty are much more complex issues. Overall, it is increasingly apparent that a country-based framework that generalizes levels of income over entire national territories

Difficulties Calculating Inequality and the Gini Coefficient

By Andrew Linford | April 19, 2011 |
Gini Index for Countries around the World in 2009

Global and local inequality has been a major topic of debate, leading to many attempts to quantify income disparity. The Gini Coefficient is the best-known measure of inequality, but it has its flaws, as do all inequality measurements. A popular measurement of economic inequality focuses on variations in income among people in a state

National Anthems: Forced National Identity?

By Andrew Linford | April 12, 2011 | 8 Comments

Every country and many non-sovereign states have national anthems. They are an indispensable representation of nations, played from official receptions to sporting events. As described by Wikipedia: “A national anthem

The Economist’s “Shoe-Thrower’s Index”: A Success?

By Andrew Linford | April 5, 2011 | One Comment

As revolution in the Arab World spread from Tunisia, The Economist magazine developed a “Shoe-Throwers Index” (STI). The STI combines available data for most of the Arab League to gain insight into what countries are at the greatest risk for revolution. Originally published on February 9th, the STI came out two days before the

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