More Tests for ChatGPT

The previous GeoCurrents post on ChatGPT was perhaps unfair to the much-celebrated – and much-maligned – chatbot, as it focused on recent meteorological data that are evidently not included in its prodigious store of information. I therefore decided to see how it would perform on two other topics recently explored in the blog. (See the bottom of this post for the two ChatGPT essays.)

The first assessment is based on my post on the geography of Indian chess grandmasters. To give ChatGPT its best chance, I asked it to write essay designed for an academic audience. Although the results are reasonably good, the chatbot still misses the essential point. Although it claims that “While southern and western India have dominated the chess scene, the northern regions of the country have not lagged behind.” But as the map used in my original post (reposted below) shows, northern India – especially if one excludes West Bengal – has definitely “lagged behind.” The ChatGPT essay also fails to consider possible reasons why Chennai has produced so many grandmasters.

The second ChatGPT assessment is on the renewal of Taliban assaults on Afghanistan’s Hazara Shia community. Again, I asked for an essay aimed at an academic audience. This request is evident in the chatbot’s useless subtitle: “a complex analysis” (as opposed to a simplistic one?). Overall, however, ChatGPT did a reasonably good job of outlining the general context. But it gave no specific information on either recent or historical events. It produced the kind of essay that a well-informed person could have written without doing any additional reading. Overall, this is the kind of work what one might expect from an intelligent but lazy student who is unwilling to look beyond Wikipedia.

When it comes to somewhat obscure current events, this tiny sample makes it seem as if ChatGPT is not yet capable of producing a solid essay. It is also noteworthy that it gave a separate heading for each paragraph, something that an essay written for an academic audience would never do. I also find the chatbot’s trite moralizing somewhat off-putting. Although I do not disagree with the final two sentences of its essay on the Hazaras, I do not find them helpful.

Prompt:  Write a 300-Word essay on the geography of Indian chess grandmasters for an academic audience

ChatGPT Response

Title: The Geography of Indian Chess Grandmasters


India, a land renowned for its diverse culture and rich history, has emerged as a powerhouse in the world of chess over the past few decades. This remarkable transformation is characterized not only by the country’s success in international chess tournaments but also by the geographical diversity of its chess grandmasters. In this essay, we explore the geography of Indian chess grandmasters, highlighting the regions that have produced these exceptional chess players.

The Rise of Indian Chess

The roots of chess in India can be traced back centuries, with the game having been known as “chaturanga” in ancient Indian texts. However, it was in the latter half of the 20th century that chess gained prominence in India, largely thanks to the efforts of players like Viswanathan Anand. Anand, who hails from the southern state of Tamil Nadu, became India’s first grandmaster in 1988. His success inspired a generation of chess enthusiasts across the country.

Southern Dominance

The southern region of India, particularly Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh, has been a fertile breeding ground for chess talent. Apart from Anand, other notable grandmasters like P. Harikrishna and Krishnan Sasikiran hail from this region. The city of Chennai, in particular, has played a pivotal role in nurturing chess talent and has produced numerous International Masters and Grandmasters.

Western Pioneers

Moving towards the western part of India, we find several chess players who have made their mark on the international stage. The state of Gujarat, for instance, has produced talents like Pentala Harikrishna and Tejas Bakre. These players have consistently performed well in national and international tournaments, contributing to India’s growing reputation in the world of chess.

Northern Aspirants

While southern and western India have dominated the chess scene, the northern regions of the country have not lagged behind. Delhi, the capital city, boasts notable chess players like Parimarjan Negi and Tania Sachdev. Their accomplishments highlight the geographical diversity of Indian chess grandmasters, dispelling the notion that chess talent is confined to specific regions.


The geography of Indian chess grandmasters is a testament to the widespread passion for the game across the country. From the southern states to the western and northern regions, India has produced a remarkable array of chess talent, with players making their mark on the international stage. This geographical diversity not only enriches the nation’s chess heritage but also underscores the inclusive and universal appeal of this ancient game in the modern Indian context.


Prompt: Write a 500-word essay on the Taliban’s Renewed Assaults on Afghanistan’s Hazara Shia Community for an academic audience


ChatGPT Response

Title: The Taliban’s Renewed Assaults on Afghanistan’s Hazara Shia Community: A Complex Analysis


The Hazara Shia community in Afghanistan has faced a long history of persecution, discrimination, and violence. However, the return to power of the Taliban in 2021 has heightened concerns about their safety and security. This essay delves into the renewed assaults on the Hazara Shia community by the Taliban, examining the historical context, religious dynamics, and geopolitical factors that contribute to this ongoing crisis.

Historical Context

The Hazara Shia community, primarily residing in central Afghanistan, has been marginalized for centuries. Their distinct Mongol ancestry and adherence to the Shia branch of Islam have made them a target of discrimination and violence, particularly under various Afghan regimes. The Taliban, a predominantly Sunni Islamist group, has shown a historical animosity towards Shia Muslims, considering them heretics. The renewed assaults on the Hazara Shia community are rooted in this deep-seated prejudice.

Religious Dynamics

Religious differences have played a significant role in the persecution of the Hazara Shia community. The Taliban’s strict interpretation of Sunni Islam has led to their intolerance of Shia practices and beliefs. They perceive Shia Muslims, including the Hazara, as deviating from the “true” path of Islam. This religious dimension exacerbates the violence against the Hazara Shia, as the Taliban seeks to impose their interpretation of Islam on the entire country.

Geopolitical Factors

The geopolitical landscape of Afghanistan has further complicated the situation for the Hazara Shia community. Afghanistan’s strategic location has made it a battleground for regional and international powers, and the Taliban’s resurgence has been supported by neighboring countries such as Pakistan. These external influences have emboldened the Taliban and hindered international efforts to protect vulnerable communities like the Hazara Shia.

Human Rights Violations

The renewed assaults on the Hazara Shia community have been marked by severe human rights violations. Reports of targeted killings, abductions, and forced conversions have emerged since the Taliban’s return to power. The Taliban’s ruthless tactics have created a climate of fear and insecurity among the Hazara Shia, causing many to flee their homes in search of safety.

Impact on Civil Society

The targeting of the Hazara Shia community has had a chilling effect on civil society in Afghanistan. It has eroded trust in the Taliban’s claims of inclusivity and has created a sense of vulnerability among other minority groups and dissenting voices. The fear of persecution has stifled activism and free expression, further diminishing the prospects for a democratic and inclusive Afghanistan.

International Response

The international community has expressed concern over the assaults on the Hazara Shia community, with calls for accountability and protection. However, the effectiveness of these responses has been limited due to the Taliban’s control of the country and their disregard for international norms and conventions. Humanitarian organizations face significant challenges in providing aid and protection to the Hazara Shia community in such a hostile environment.


The renewed assaults on Afghanistan’s Hazara Shia community by the Taliban are deeply troubling and emblematic of the complex challenges facing the country. These assaults stem from historical discrimination, religious differences, and geopolitical factors, and have resulted in egregious human rights violations. It is imperative for the international community to continue advocating for the rights and safety of the Hazara Shia and all marginalized groups in Afghanistan. Addressing the root causes of this persecution will require a concerted effort to promote tolerance, inclusivity, and respect for diversity in Afghanistan’s future governance and society.